Congress

The first instructors of deaf pupils appeared in Europe in the 16th century. different methodologies of education, that if they used of the auditory-verbal language, language of signals, manual representation of the alphabet and other visual codes, being able, or not, these methodologies had been created to associate these different medias. From century XVIII, the language of signals sufficiently passed to be spread out, reaching success in the education of deaf person, as much of the point of view of the expansion, how much of the results that it propitiated, allowing that the deaf people conquered its citizenship. However, to break de1880 when 2 happened the Congress of Milan (Italy) adopted the oralismo, method that says considers it as the only one media in the education of deaf people. The oralista philosophy is based on the belief of that the verbal modality of the language is the only desirable form of communication for the deaf person, and that any form of gesticulao must be prevented. Since then, the possibilities of use of the languages of signals had been excluded all. At this time, many deaf people whom they used the language gesture-appearance had suffered persecutions (GOLDFELD, 1997). For the oralistas, the said language is indicated as indispensable for the integral development of the children with deafness.

However, the oralistas boardings had exactly suffered many critical ones for the innumerable limits that present, with the increment from the use of prteses. Another aspect to be developed by the deaf person, on the basis of this boarding is the labial reading. However, in accordance with Lacerda (2000) is very difficult for deep a deaf child, despite ‘ ‘ protetizada’ ‘ 3, to recognize, so precociously, a word through the labial reading. What it occurs in the oralistas techniques cannot be called of language development, but yes of exercise of speaks organized of formal, artificial character, with the use of the limited expression the occasions where the child is seated ahead of drawings, it are of dialgicos contexts, that in fact they would allow the development of the meaning of the words. Since then many new techniques have been developed.