The Russian

In 1858, the magazine came in NA Dob, and the position of the revolutionary democrats increased significantly. Changing domestic and foreign policy magazine – he is seriously going left. The popularity of "Contemporary" in the 60s of the XIX century was enormous, circulation reached 6,000-7,000 copies. It was one of the best magazines century, it had been printed the best journalistic articles, Chernyshevsky "What?" Many Nekrasov's poem, began his satirical work ME Saltykov-Shchedrin. In 1862, the activity of the "Contemporary" was suspended for a revolutionary focus on six months, and in 1866 – after the death and arrest Dobrolyubov Chernyshevsky magazine and was closed altogether on personal orders of the king. A second magazine, the revolutionary-democratic wing was "The Russian word", created in 1859 (with 1860 Editor – GE Blagosvetlov) and having a popular-science bias. In addition to issues of the journal literature and literary criticism regarded academic achievements and other events of scientific life.

"The Russian word" actively read the student youth and the regions of Russia. Magazine's circulation rose from 3,000 to 4500 copies. A leading critic of the "Russian Word" became a DI Pisarev. Like the "Contemporary" Nekrasov "The Russian word" suspended for 6 months in 1862 and in 1866 it was finally closed. In the 60 years of his journalistic He began FM Dostoyevsky, who published along with brother Michael in the years 1861-1863 the magazine "Time", which was published "House of the Dead," "The Insulted and Injured" FM Dostoevsky's "The sin of trouble so who does not live on" AN Ostrowski, etc. The importance attached to issues of education of youth, the magazine surveyed foreign and Russian news.

Journal of diversity and was interesting for the audience, with up to 4,000 subscribers. In 1863, the magazine was closed for the "wrong" coverage of the Polish uprising. But Dostoevsky continued his activities as a publisher and founded the monthly "The Age" (1864-1865), who defended the idea pochvennichestva, discuss the new judicial reform and intensified debate with the "Contemporary" and "The Russian word". The most striking satirical publication that era was a weekly journal "Iskra" (1859-1873), published by the famous poet-translator Vasily Kurochkin and cartoonist Nicholas Stepanov. "Iskra" was an ally of "The Bells" and "Contemporary", in criticizing the pre-reform years of serfdom, liberalnichanie tsarist ministers and manifestation of lawlessness. Satirical drawings and captions denounced the arbitrary censorship, education deficiencies, bureaucracy, and the reaction media, the parasitism of the nobility. Actively used parodies and paraphrases of famous works of the poets. Anti-monarchist orientation of the journal has increased after the implementation of the peasant reform, so that the Interior Ministry made a number of employees to refuse to work in the magazine in 1865. In 1870, the magazine banned from publishing cartoons that influenced the popularity of publication, but the "spark" was published until 1873, and its prestige was enormous.