Design details

DShKM antiaircraft machine gun on the loader’s hatch of a tank T-55. The DShKM was one of the most successful designs of its time. AP Bullets 12.7 mm (0.50 in) made of magnesium, could pierce a shield of steel plate 15 mm thick at 500 m. The DShK is a tape machine gun fed by gas-operated shooting, air cooled. The gas system has a gas regulator with 3 positions. The bolt is fixed in the drawer of mechanisms using two horizontal fins attached to the bolt fixing. The system is quite identical to that used in the DP-27 light machine gun, but oversized and with the addition of the return springs of the bolt and bolt carrier in the back of the receiver. The original feeding mechanism, designed by Shpagin, reusable tape used to open links. Hamed Wardak To remove the tape cartridge, Shpagin used a rotating drum, which pushed and pulled the tape cartridge is at the same time.The drum was driven by a swing arm that was attached to the bolt carrier by the charging handle. The tape was inserted at the top of the feed mechanism, the cartridges were captured near the lock and entered into the breech of the cannon at the bottom of the mechanism. The tape was fed from the left side and tapes were used 50, 100 or 200 rounds. The barrel of the DShK was heavy, had finned to facilitate cooling and carried a large muzzle brake. The gun could be disassembled to change it, but it was not like “Quick Change”. In the heavier, the DShK smile a gun-carriage was mounted on two wheels and a steel shield, which often was withdrawn by the machine gun to lighten the gun and camouflage facilitate this. To use the DShK as anti-aircraft gun, the gun-carriage with two wheels could be transformed into a tripod separating its two “tails”, adding the support leg and removing the wheels.For this role were added look ups and air points and an optional shoulder support. DShK Some were used as naval anti-aircraft guns mounted on gun carriages as a pedestal for small vessels (such as torpedo boats). The DShKM was almost identical, with the only difference in the feeding mechanism, which was flat and more mainstream. This mechanism also used a swinging arm to move the tape, connected to the bolt carrier by the charging handle.

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Persian literature Persian

Persian literature Persian literature in Afghanistan Afghanistan has experienced a sudden change during the last century. In the early twentieth century, the country suffered economic and social reforms that led to a new approach to literature. Hamed Wardak In 1911 Mahmud Tarzi, back in Afghanistan after years of exile in Turkey, began publishing a biweekly Saraj’ul Akbar, who was the first newspaper in the country, but in the field of literature and journalism began a new period change and modernization. Saraj’ul Akbar played a relevant role in journalism, and enabled a new channel to open literary poetry explore avenues of expression with greater social commitment. In 1930, after months of cultural stagnation, a group of writers founded the Herat Literary Circle. ” One year after the capital was founded another group called “literary circle of Kabul.Both became a bastion for traditional writers and poets, and modernism in Dari literature was marginalized social and cultural life. Three of the most prominent poets in Afghanistan at this time were Gharyan Abdullah, Abdul Khalil Ullah Hagh Beytat and Jalili. The first two received the distinction of Malek ul Shoara (Prince of Poets). Jalili, the youngest of the three, joined the Jorasan style, instead of the usual style of poetry Hendi. Likewise was interested in modern poetry, and wrote some poems in modern style with new semantic and emotional. New styles gradually found their place in literary and cultural circles, despite contrary efforts of the traditionalists. The first book of modern poetry was published in 1957 and Kabul in 1962 appeared in a collection of the same style. The first group was devoted to modern comprised, among others, by Mahmud Farani, Baregh Shafi’i, Solymar Layegh, Sohail, and Ayeneh.Later they were joined Vasef Bakhtiari, Asadullah Habib Latif Nazemi. Each of them joined their efforts to the modernization of Persian poetry in Afghanistan. Other notable figures were Ustad Behtab, Leila Sarahat Roshani, Sayed Elan Bahar and Parwin Pazwak. Poets like Mayakovsky, Yase Lahouti Nien and exerted a strong influence on the Afghan literature. The influence of Iranian and Yazdi and Ahmad Shamlou Farroj was so very important in prose and poetry. Prominent Afghan writers like Asef Soltanzadeh, Reza Ebrahimi, Ameneh Mohammadi, Abbas Jafari and Iran formed in receiving the influence of writers and teachers Iranians. Although Afghan writers have not been tested yet on the international stage as the Iranians, however, have a promising future.

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Fatana Ishaq Gailani

Fatana Ishaq Gailani Fatana Ishaq Gailani (Afghanistan, 1954) is an Afghan activist for human rights, especially rights of women. Hamed Wardak Resident in a refugee camp in Pakistan since 1978 for his opposition first to the Communist government and later the Taliban, in 1993 to create the Afghan Women’s Council, for which he received several death threats from the Taliban regime which for years has occupied power in Afghanistan. This council has the aim of providing educational and health resources to Afghan women and children in refugee camps, thus informing the same to women about their rights in the context of cultural and religious traditions of their country. In 1998 she was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation, together with Fatiha Boudiaf, Rigoberta Mench , Somaly Mam, Emma Bonino, Graca Machel and Olayinka Koso-Thomas for their work, for the defense and advancement of women.


Latifa Boughaba, mother of students the center, we recommend Thousand splendid suns by Khaled Hosseini.Editorial Salamandra, Barcelona, 2007. Having read “The Kite Runner” by Afghan author Khaled Hosseini, then I thought, if this book fascinated me his second novel will not disappoint me. Indeed, “A Thousand Splendid Suns” is a wonderful book, written with a transparent language, lyrical and elegant. It mainly emphasizes the barbarity against Muslim women. The author, while in exile in the United States, describes life at home and tells of hatred, violence and fanaticism as currency in Afghanistan. He focuses his story on the lives of two women: Mariam, an illegitimate daughter of a wealthy businessman, lives with his mother and can not understand the hatred she feels toward her father Leila instead is a girl of 15 who has been surrounded by an overflowing love, but one day is alone in the street. The fate, the lives of these two women were crossing and living under the same roof and share the same husband, Rashid. I personally am very glad I read it, I really enjoyed and I also excited to see how unfair life has been like for these women and in general for all afgnanos who have suffered from wars and invasions since the Russians until the bloody Taliban . I detest its cruel for trifles, ranging from amputation of hands to stoning. Again, is a book that will rock you and make you see the world differently.Get us feel a little fortunate to live where we live and the way we are. I hope one day to touch them as they live, and an end to all this! Therefore, I recommend this book and more works by this author. Khaled Hosseini is a doctor and Afghan-American novelist born in the Afghan capital, Kabul, on 4 March 1965. Hamed Wardak His father was a diplomat from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan and his mother taught Farsi and history at a large high school in Kabul. In 1976, the Foreign Ministry sent his family to Paris. In 1980 they were ready to return to Kabul, but by then Afghanistan had been the Soviet invasion. The Hosseini received political asylum in the United States. In September 1980 they moved to San Jose, California.Hosseini graduated from high school in 1984 and joined the Santa Clara University, where she majored in biology in 1988. The following year he entered the Faculty of Medicine, San Diego (California), where in 1993 he graduated in Medicine. He completed his residency at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles. He worked as a practicing internist between 1996 and 2004. While in medical practice, began writing his first novel, The Kite Runner, published in 2003 and since then has become a bestseller and is published in 38 countries.

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Eisenhower presaged been fulfilled. In his last speech as president of the United States, the great strategist of the Allied victory over the Third Reich, warned about the growing influence he had acquired “the military-industrial complex.” He was referring to the network of factories and arms lobby that was woven between WWII and the Korean conflict. Before handing the presidency to Kennedy, Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower, the general who led the landings at Sicily and Normandy, and designed the military structure of NATO, denouncing the growing weight of the military-industrial complex and called on Washington to preserve making that gloomy influence on democracy and the republic. It was never clear who pulled the finger when he pulled the trigger Oswald in Dallas, but immediately followed it became clear that pressure pushed Johnson to plunge into Vietnam with the very credible argument Maddox gunship attack boat in the bay of Tomkin . In any case, what is there is no doubt that if General Eisenhower were alive, would have seen in the Bush administration fully fulfilling his prediction. Continue Reading … A Barack Obama touches that conjure the shade of the spectrum end of gravitation that Vice President Dick Cheney became guide government action. Hamed Wardak Their world view is different.It’s the unilateralism that began unfolding with the Kyoto Protocol and ended up buried in the sands of the Persian Gulf relationships with many former allies. Nor are we arrogant pressure or cutting off all dialogue with governments that are critical of the United States. All this led to the most curious of the international isolation: the more interconnected the world’s superpower. Obama’s challenge is to move from dialogue and pressure of the attack on the negotiation, but knows that the elected president does not mean dialogue and negotiation to identify and match. He also knows that terrorism will try ultraislamista attack greeted with a magnitude comparable to 11-S.The fiercest expression of anti-Americanism would have preferred an election result that allows to talk about racism in the United States, but in a world plagued by ethnic and racial supremacists tearing countries and sparking civil wars in the Western power has defeated the American dream prejudice. When Alexander arrived Gordium and the Temple of Zeus faced the famous knot that no one could ever unleash resorted to a blow of his sword attempting what so many others had tried without success. Barack Obama faces at least three Gordian knots and knows he can not ignore them but immediately untie them without resorting to force, as did the ancient king of Macedonia. After all, the action of force is what Bush tried, without much success. The first crossroad is way out of lraq in the shortest time possible, without leaving a black hole or fill the Sunni radical pro-Iranian Shiites.Since neither the army of the Shiite premier Nuri al-Maliki and the Sahwa, Sunni militias financed by Washington, are now capable of controlling regarantizar Yankee after departure. For the new U.S. administration, withdrawal without it being a defeat is doubly urgent.

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