Weber searchs metodolgicos and epistemolgicos aspects as instruments of scientific distanciamento for the accomplishment of the description and theoretical reconstruction of the empirical reality. It is compromissado with modernity. (Fraga, 1999, P. 71). In after-modernity, it has a bankruptcy of the rational project of the world.
(…) The modernity of a side to defend the autonomy of the man, but cannot open hand of the heteronomia while form of social domination. (…) Weber perceives that a desencantamento in the world due to the advance of the rationality occurs. The loss would be in relation to the mythical one, to the magician as bedding of the truth on the world and action: the fact, would not be a loss, in the conception of the word, but the exchange of metaphysics for the rationality. (Fraga, 1999, P. 72). Weber faces the rationality as a value that guides the social actions and that it consists as a domination form and, therefore, useful to the development of the capitalist system. Its conceptions concerning the bureaucracy and domination had become particularly fruitful for the understanding of the modern capitalist society, of the point of view of organizacional sight and of the power. (Fraga, 1999, P.
73). The world passes for deep cultural, economic transformations, scientific politics and. (…) the ethnic relations had moved, the relations politics had moved, the societies had become great markets and the State searchs to guarantee the minimum of functional direction while institution. (Fraga, 1999, P. 74). For Arendt, cited for Fraga, (1999, P. 71) the absolute and functional reason, but its revs means that if it institutes a crisis of ethical values, and finishes, finally, banalizando the life. The man can dominate all the things for the forecast; this corresponds to disenchant the world. (Fraga, 1999, P. 75). The economic impact of the liberal revolutions modified the profile of the modern society.