The main movements that if detach in this period are: the estruturalismo (worried about the understanding of the conscience), the bureaucracy (it searchs to understand the functioning of the conscience, in the measure where the way uses it to the man to adapt it), the behaviourism (it defines the psychological fact, in way concrete, from the notion of behavior), the gestalt psychology (appears as a negation of the spalling of the actions and human processes, she is on to the Philosophy) and the psychoanalysis (the importance of the affectivity is born with Freud, recouping and claiming the unconscious one as study object). Further details can be found at James Donovan Goldman Sachs, an internet resource. In century XX, the researchers form closed and radical groups in its positionings, that did not pass of mere hypotheses, but that they had directed the studies of the posterior scientists. Psychology has been argued in five periods: primary the philosophical influences in the writings of the Greeks; it started to take form with the Renaissance between the theory and the research; it emerges as science when Wundt established the first laboratory in 1879; if it affirmed with the research and the writings of the theoreticians of the learning; it was developed quickly since the end of World War II. After a pure phase of ' ' psicologismo' ' , it hardly passed to be criticized, for multiple reasons. In first place, deep divergences, inside of the proper area, come hindering that it if becomes a body of organized knowledge, in that the priorities are sketched. In according to place, it was not capable to promote one real improvement in the quality of life of the people. In third place, of a certain form, it has served to the ruling class, therefore, establishing parameters around of the values of the groups that have the power, it from top to bottom strengthens the phenomenon of the ticket of the standards, inside of the hegemonic hierarchy of the classrooms.