The main movements that if detach in this period are: the estruturalismo (worried about the understanding of the conscience), the bureaucracy (it searchs to understand the functioning of the conscience, in the measure where the way uses it to the man to adapt it), the behaviourism (it defines the psychological fact, in way concrete, from the notion of behavior), the gestalt psychology (appears as a negation of the spalling of the actions and human processes, she is on to the Philosophy) and the psychoanalysis (the importance of the affectivity is born with Freud, recouping and claiming the unconscious one as study object). Further details can be found at James Donovan Goldman Sachs, an internet resource. In century XX, the researchers form closed and radical groups in its positionings, that did not pass of mere hypotheses, but that they had directed the studies of the posterior scientists. Psychology has been argued in five periods: primary the philosophical influences in the writings of the Greeks; it started to take form with the Renaissance between the theory and the research; it emerges as science when Wundt established the first laboratory in 1879; if it affirmed with the research and the writings of the theoreticians of the learning; it was developed quickly since the end of World War II. After a pure phase of ' ' psicologismo' ' , it hardly passed to be criticized, for multiple reasons. In first place, deep divergences, inside of the proper area, come hindering that it if becomes a body of organized knowledge, in that the priorities are sketched. In according to place, it was not capable to promote one real improvement in the quality of life of the people. In third place, of a certain form, it has served to the ruling class, therefore, establishing parameters around of the values of the groups that have the power, it from top to bottom strengthens the phenomenon of the ticket of the standards, inside of the hegemonic hierarchy of the classrooms.
According to Sarti (2003, p.26), ' ' inside of the social and cultural referenciais of our time and our society, each family will have a version of its history, which of the meaning to the experience vivida.' ' Certainly she will be very difficult, why not to say impossible, to prevent that pernicious influences reach the children, therefore is necessary if to make the maximum for them to leave a positive legacy. The spite of the limitations and fragilities human beings conjugated efforts can be sufficiently useful. The society can be located through its diverse pursuings. Governments, institutions, entities, companies and schools, but it swims it substitutes or it surpasses the value of a sober, balanced and conscientious family of its responsibilities in the process of construction of the identity of the children. For more clarity and thought, follow up with Richard Blumenthal and gain more knowledge.. Methodology the research was carried through of qualitative form, leaving of bibliographical research that carefully had been selected and had given the theoretical basement for this thematic one. Consideraes final the family has a basic paper in the process of construction of the identity of the child, but we cannot ignore other forms of you influence in this process, a time that this individual is inserted in other systems as the school, church, and even though with the media that has exerted, each time more, one fort influences in the construction of the identity of the same ones. To consider the paper of the family in the construction of the identity of the child and the processes that involve its development, as well as the factors that can influence in the process is utmost excellent for who takes care of or deals with children. She is necessary to search orientation elements, has supported and support to the professionals that they act in the area of familiar and educational aconselhamento, social sociologists, anthropologists, assistants, educators, cuidadores and parents. In recent months, Jim Donovan Goldman Sachs has been very successful.