Consumer Rights – Legal Services

The Russian Constitution is the supreme and fundamental law of the state, has the highest legal force. The Constitution of the Russian Federation remains the basis of the constitutional order of the State protects the right and freedom every citizen, the federal structure of government, as well as organizing the top state authorities of the country. The Basic Law is intended to ensure the rights of our citizens. In continuation of the principles of the Constitution, in their development, the Law on Consumer Protection. The Law on Consumer Protection regulates in detail the rights and duties of the seller, manufacturer, artist and consumer.

Protection Act consumers – is an invaluable support to every citizen of our country, because we are at every turn, sometimes without even realizing it report, we conclude the contract of retail sales, consumer work contract, etc. The Law on compensation for losses or moral harm you should consult a qualified lawyer who will review your situation, make a competent complaint to the seller, manufacturer, artist, will help to consumer expertise, if necessary, to prepare a lawsuit in court and presented the your interests in court and won a court case. Consumer rights – is to take care of the state, but expressed this concern in the creation of supportive policy, legal framework establishing these rights and helping to protect them. State can not guarantee every citizen the protection of any means other than the title, so everyone should know their rights and be able to defend. But it is in theory. In practice, the citizen is not burdened with knowledge and jurisprudence can not effectively protect their legal rights, so in most cases the consumer need a lawyer. In practice, the 'self' can lead to the fact that despite the existence of legitimate reasons the court may render a decision on your claim is not in your favor, just because you do not own court arts process. Legal advice, legal assistance in court, just needed a situation where you just decide that you need to win a lawsuit with an unscrupulous manufacturer, seller, contractor.

Procedure For Non-pecuniary Damage

'Know the laws – means to perceive not only their words but also their content and meaning' – said the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. Under the provisions of the Constitution of Ukraine, in particular articles 32, 56, 62 and the current legislation, natural and legal persons are entitled to compensation for moral (moral) damage caused by violations of their rights and freedoms and legitimate interests. The right to compensation for moral harm is an important safeguard the rights and freedoms of citizens and the legitimate interests of legal persons. According to paragraph 3 of the Decree of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Ukraine "On judicial practice in cases of non-pecuniary (moral) damage ' 4 of 31 March 1995, under the moral harm is to be understood non-property losses due to moral or physical suffering or other negative effects caused by natural or legal person illegal actions or inaction of others. Under current law non-pecuniary damage may consist, in particular: the humiliation of honor, dignity, prestige or reputation, moral feelings in connection with health damage, in violation of property rights (including intellectual) rights granted to consumers and other civil rights, in connection with the illegal stay of remand and the court, in violation of normal vital connections because of the inability to continue an active social life, violation of relationships with others, upon the occurrence of other adverse effects. Under the non-property injury to entity, it should be understood non-property losses, which came in connection with the humiliation of its reputation, infringement of trade name, trademark, trade secret disclosure, and also the commitment of actions aimed at reducing the prestige or undermine confidence in its activities.

Internal Affairs

Might work, If Major criticized the Russian government as a whole and called for the construction of democratic institutions. But he appealed directly to Putin – the use of traditional petition modern form, which makes 'American next>> not very clear. The effectiveness of this, in general, an effective pattern is minimized. November 9 published an open letter to veterans and retirees Novorossiisk police are angry Dymovskiy video message. Link to the authorities – a good and effective step.

But this authority must be a specific person. A famous person who is willing to enter into open confrontation and risk his reputation, unavailable. November 10 Department of Internal Affairs of Krasnodar region declared insolvency charges Dymovskiy. Chief physician clinics, to which is attributed to Major said that the police needed a serious medical examination. Information danger of such attacks tend to zero. Dymovsky hired bodyguards and had moved to Moscow.

One might ask: "where such money in an ordinary policeman?>> Is reasonable. But in circulation used another very Traditional and effective meme – "repentance and regret>>. Major admitted his sins and declared readiness to suffer – and so this method does not work, as it could. Oper said, as befits the people of his profession: messy, awkwardly, sometimes illiterate, but all we need, he said. Even more than that – whether it is even remotely similar to the Iron Felix, without fear and reproach – no one would have believed him. When? Video was posted on Friday, when the journalists always short of material, and they are particularly active in seeking information.

Civil Force

But in fact it was virtually impossible task. In comparison with the employers (and formed a strong independent individuals) that have passed through fire and water, and with whom we speak the same language, to build a working dialogue with the federal government, with political parties and state and public organizations up to now have not been successful. When the second half of 2007, we appealed to all parties with a proposal to familiarize with the solution of the independent development of small and medium businesses, we are faced with an astounding ignorance. For example, in party told us that they invent stories about small and medium businesses, but we have surpassed them and that they themselves to a level far Also, very strangely responded to atp, Fair Russia, Civil Force, United Russia, an independent deputy Vladimir , and all the rest, as if the topic of development of small and medium-sized businesses and the formation of the middle class before the elections to the Parliament at the moment is for them firing the article. (A maybe it's how it was: after a decision on SMEs as there was, and still does not. And to make any promises would certainly a substitute ). Very "interesting" we were greeted by a personal meeting at the Reception Administration President of Russia. A Mr V. Rozanov (At that time Deputy av Dvorkovich) for giving us the program looked with undisguised amazement, and said that he was not going to read it at all, let those involved Dvorkovich.

What Should Be The Price Of Cement

This sets a minimum level of profitability of 13% of the value of fixed assets. Certainly the cost of cement varied depending on the plant, less profitable production of subsidized at the expense of more profitable – course in a market economy, this approach is unlikely. Equally important was the fact that the producers of cement in spite of seasonal fluctuations in demand had guaranteed sales to the face of a single customer – the State. It was necessary only to fulfill the production plan and deal only with production issues.

In this case, there was a powerful scientific-technical and industrial base to support the cement industry. The share of depreciation stood at 15% of the total cost of cement. For comparison, the current share of depreciation is at a level of 1%. According to Goskomstat cost of cement for three quarters of 2008 was about 2000 rubles (over the same period last year, about 1500 rubles per ton). Growth was more than 30%. If a cost (2000 rubles – $ 71) add the missing 14% Depreciation – $ 10 18% value-added tax – $ 13, and 13 “investment interest” – $ 39 (considering the fact that building a new cement plant at the rate of $ 300 per ton of production capacity) then the minimum attractive to investors, price is the figure of 133 U.S. dollars. In this case, do not forget the tax on profits, rising rates of bank loans and what is not seasonally adjusted all production facilities will be loaded, even after overcoming the crisis.

Importers are currently offering imported cement in the region of U.S. $ 100, this fact justifies the treatment of domestic manufacturers with a request to impose 30% of protective duties. The share of imported cement has reached 15% of total cement production in Russia, domestic refineries have been forced to reduce production by 6%. Question – how does a including taxes and freight ship cheaper foreign cement Russia is quite understandable – in the cost of cement is fixed costs such as depreciation of equipment, wages, and variable, a substantial part of which occupy about 30% energy. Fixed costs offset a certain amount of domestic consumption, in other words, each ton of “above-cement” costs 2 times more cheaply, and even if we did not bring more profit, will help significantly reduce costs and minimize losses. Using these circumstances foreign manufacturers are keeping domestic prices, have an opportunity to sell the surplus for outside their own country the dumping price. In the long run, capturing additional markets and weaken local producers likely chance of multiple recovery dumping. Such occurred in the 90 years in the U.S., when the Mexican cement was sold at 63% cheaper than the domestic market, the U.S. government was forced to introduce 60%! import duty on cement, and later it was reduced, but it lasted over 15 years.

Professional Procedure Code

But no, when it went from idle chatter to a real compensation for property damage, public machine once again began to put obstacles Following the instructions Ch. 18 "Rehabilitation" of the Professional Procedure Code, victims have filed suits for damages caused by unlawful harassment from government, but it turned out that, according to the Kirov Themis, do not write codes for judges, "the internal belief" is more important. All professional court unanimously refused, stating that the case should be resolved within civil proceedings. Following the instructions of the judges, Stanislav A. and Alexander appealed to the civil court, and in return have been rejected in making the claim. Judge Minaev ev (Again, apparently forgetting about the law and applying to his "beliefs") considered that such matters should be resolved within the framework of a court order, simply refused, thus the right to rehabilitation and Chervyakov Mokerovu. By the way, "orders" of such in our country Only 4: civil, criminal, arbitration and constitutional That meant a judge Minaev, to this day remains a mystery.

At present, it is a judge filed a complaint to the Kirov regional court. Consideration scheduled for December 3, however no assurance that the regional court has "suddenly" decides to stand up for victims there. It is worth noting that none of those who prepared the "evidence", published materials in the media and, in fact, spent "Investigation" and tried to send to jail the victims had not been punished. One gets the impression that the state, since the scoop, and have not learned to recognize his mistakes and take responsibility for them. Is the only way to protect for citizens is to appeal to the European Court of Human Rights? Do Kirov judges believe that an attempt to cover up the mistakes of the "colleagues" from the neighboring departments, it is worth the risk of "glorifying" the city in the European Court? Do they really believe that no one will dare to go beyond their regional clan "masters of the law and destiny? After all, it is absolutely clear that the claim will be sent to the European Court and the decision will be based on law rather than clan solidarity. The answer to these Questions we seem to get is 3 December 2009.

Residential Real Estate

How did we make a decision about renting residential property (rent a flat or a room in a communal apartment)? Many of us are familiar with the desire to sooner or later the better, of course, too early to buy their own property – area, where there is warmth and harmony, where all his and relatives, where are you own boss. Pastoral picture of living in your own room / apartment / house (underline) represent a majority of Russians, whose notorious "Housing Problem" is yet to be resolved. What are the prospects? Become a property owner is difficult, it is no secret. It's one thing if there's something of a start: the empty apartment in the N, which can be painlessly implement and invest in buying new properties, and can be house in the village, converted in the inheritance from your grandmother, and maybe in a timely manner pending sufficient funds for investment in apartments to be built, or to become a party to the mortgage program. But such opportunities are not at all, most of the residents of our Motherland no choice, the market dictates the rules.

So, you want to live in a separate apartment, is an independent adult with his own earnings, but still do not have a chance to pay the down payment or get a mortgage? There is a way – rent property for rent! Not hurry to give up, weigh the possible pros and cons and take an informed decision. Argument number one: "Why pay money every month to the landlord if I can again put out each month on your mortgage loan at the bank and to live with this in your own apartment? . Counterargument: the sum of the monthly payment on the mortgage without a substantial down payment greatly exceeds the rental rate for objects with approximately equal performance and extend over long time. In addition, the landlord – a man like you, and if necessary, most likely, will meet and be understanding. On the other hand, the banking system implies that the minimum number of compromises. Argument number two: "Rental Property (apartments or rooms) – it is certainly good, but very expensive, besides their homes there is no substitute." The counter argument: As we have said, the monthly payment amount rental properties much lower than, say, pay the mortgage. Moreover, in recent years many governments have talked about the need to promote the rental of residential real estate as an alternative program to ensure public property and, therefore, need to monitor the condition of rental rates.

In the West, for example, about one-third of Americans live happily in rental housing and to acquire property only in the pension age. Indeed, to find a country where everyone – property owners, it is hardly possible. Even in the most developed countries, for many people to rent an apartment – standard. Residential real estate, whether apartment or room – the best compromise for those who want to start an independent life in a separate apartment, for those who want to live today, for those who look to the future, without forgetting about today.

The ‘Affordable Housing’ In St. Petersburg

First Vice Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on April 27 to inspect the implementation of priority national projects in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region. Dmitry Medvedev arrived in St. Petersburg on the eve, April 26. As reported in the Press Service of the city administration, his visit is devoted to implementation in the regions of predominantly two national projects – 'The development of agro-industrial complex' and 'Affordable Housing'. In one of his first speeches Vice-Premier noted that in Russia in 2007. planned to be 56 million square meters. m of housing.

In 2006. the figure was 50.2 million square meters. m, whereas 5 years ago in the country were built 30 million square meters. m of housing. According to Dmitry Medvedev, in the current year is expected to 'good growth '. "The more we build, the more reasonable prices should be on the market" – said the first deputy prime minister.

In his view, the increase in construction should change the price situation on the real estate market into positive side. Commenting on the possibility of creating a state construction company, Medvedev said that it is not new, but by itself the appearance of such a company would not solve the problem with the prices. 'You must not create state-owned company, and the development of the housing market "- he stressed. In addition, First Deputy Prime Minister expressed the view that the deal with buying apartments for the 'quick resale' on the secondary market will help the development of stock tools, 'attractive free money'. According to him, it could be bonds, securities of large companies. Latest Issue of big companies have shown interest of citizens in these securities, have Dmitry Medvedev. He also considers it inappropriate introduction of a special tax on the purchase of second and third apartments, as well as the prohibition of such purchases. He explained that circumvent these protective measures' will be easy. " Dmitry Medvedev also repeatedly stressed that the current mortgage rate is not satisfied with the government, because it is too high. "Our goal – to omit it from acting now 11-12% to 6-8%. It's absolutely on forces, but it will take to achieve some success in macroeconomics', – said first deputy prime minister.

Konstantin Khokhlov

In this case, there are dozens of ways to cut costs on public utilities: the acquisition of a well-known to all energy saving bulbs to the correct operation of domestic appliances. For example, the time has not ravaged dust bag increases the consumption of electricity a vacuum cleaner up to 40%. Abroad, such "wisdom" are taught in school. For example, in Denmark, all children special classes talk about the culture of energy use and how its economy in the "home". Together with such educational measures in Russia and the need to move towards European standards organization systems to deliver water, electricity and heat. If we talk about heat supply, which consumes the greatest amount of natural resources, we can note the vast reserves to increase its effectiveness.

For example, in the Moscow city government hope that the renovated residential buildings savings pay for the heating system will reach 50%. "Most of the heating systems of multi-storey buildings in need of upgrade: installation of modern automated substations and automatic radiator thermostats that let you control the temperature in different rooms. In this case, setting for each heat sink counter, we can independently adjust the level of their payments for this service, such as water and electricity ", – said Konstantin , director of thermal automatics Danfoss in Russia, the world's leading manufacturer energy-efficient equipment for heating systems and heating buildings. Currently, Danfoss, with the Department overhaul of Moscow holds in the capital of the experiment: two 12-storey houses on the street Obrucheva addition to planned activities within the complex overhaul (warming of the building facades, glass replacement, installation of automated control units (), automatic balancing Valves and radiator thermostats) on each battery mounted counter-sharers.

Sochi Baths

Little running, half-forgotten, neekskursionny, but themes and beautiful: the lack of civilization to another park just adds to the beauty. And the park – eucalyptus, and even if you nose finds itself in a vial of eucalyptus oil, it is only distantly remind Adler scented richness. Nasmorochny my nose starts to breathe normally after ten minutes of stay at this location. Near the sea, and the tour can be combined with a dip. And in August, the year begins watermelons to eat them the grove – a special treat. In Matsesta valley (around the river Matsesta) allowed free of charge.

In the river water a lot of hydrogen sulfide, and a number of baths is where you can take baths in whole or in parts: to bathe the patient's hand or leg. Sometimes Matsesta baths are included in the price of sanatorium vouchers, sometimes not, and it should negotiate directly. In the Valley – deciduous forest, where the mushrooms after the rain get out. There you can picnic, good wooden benches, and even makeshift tables in the woods, too, can be found. The road, covered with wood from the heat, has to give Stalin, where right on the terrace, recently opened a cafe. For children in the valley special joy – Glade gnomes.

They accepted photographed, but to climb on them much more interesting. There is very convenient for climbing instances. And the government is resting in a place called Bocharov Stream. There are not allowed. Promenade lives of people and animals Quay – the most noisy and crowded place Sochi, I'm for it, and I love it.