Persian literature Persian

Persian literature Persian literature in Afghanistan Afghanistan has experienced a sudden change during the last century. In the early twentieth century, the country suffered economic and social reforms that led to a new approach to literature. Hamed Wardak In 1911 Mahmud Tarzi, back in Afghanistan after years of exile in Turkey, began publishing a biweekly Saraj’ul Akbar, who was the first newspaper in the country, but in the field of literature and journalism began a new period change and modernization. Saraj’ul Akbar played a relevant role in journalism, and enabled a new channel to open literary poetry explore avenues of expression with greater social commitment. In 1930, after months of cultural stagnation, a group of writers founded the Herat Literary Circle. ” One year after the capital was founded another group called “literary circle of Kabul.Both became a bastion for traditional writers and poets, and modernism in Dari literature was marginalized social and cultural life. Three of the most prominent poets in Afghanistan at this time were Gharyan Abdullah, Abdul Khalil Ullah Hagh Beytat and Jalili. The first two received the distinction of Malek ul Shoara (Prince of Poets). Jalili, the youngest of the three, joined the Jorasan style, instead of the usual style of poetry Hendi. Likewise was interested in modern poetry, and wrote some poems in modern style with new semantic and emotional. New styles gradually found their place in literary and cultural circles, despite contrary efforts of the traditionalists. The first book of modern poetry was published in 1957 and Kabul in 1962 appeared in a collection of the same style. The first group was devoted to modern comprised, among others, by Mahmud Farani, Baregh Shafi’i, Solymar Layegh, Sohail, and Ayeneh.Later they were joined Vasef Bakhtiari, Asadullah Habib Latif Nazemi. Each of them joined their efforts to the modernization of Persian poetry in Afghanistan. Other notable figures were Ustad Behtab, Leila Sarahat Roshani, Sayed Elan Bahar and Parwin Pazwak. Poets like Mayakovsky, Yase Lahouti Nien and exerted a strong influence on the Afghan literature. The influence of Iranian and Yazdi and Ahmad Shamlou Farroj was so very important in prose and poetry. Prominent Afghan writers like Asef Soltanzadeh, Reza Ebrahimi, Ameneh Mohammadi, Abbas Jafari and Iran formed in receiving the influence of writers and teachers Iranians. Although Afghan writers have not been tested yet on the international stage as the Iranians, however, have a promising future.

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Fatana Ishaq Gailani

Fatana Ishaq Gailani Fatana Ishaq Gailani (Afghanistan, 1954) is an Afghan activist for human rights, especially rights of women. Hamed Wardak Resident in a refugee camp in Pakistan since 1978 for his opposition first to the Communist government and later the Taliban, in 1993 to create the Afghan Women’s Council, for which he received several death threats from the Taliban regime which for years has occupied power in Afghanistan. This council has the aim of providing educational and health resources to Afghan women and children in refugee camps, thus informing the same to women about their rights in the context of cultural and religious traditions of their country. In 1998 she was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation, together with Fatiha Boudiaf, Rigoberta Mench , Somaly Mam, Emma Bonino, Graca Machel and Olayinka Koso-Thomas for their work, for the defense and advancement of women.


Latifa Boughaba, mother of students the center, we recommend Thousand splendid suns by Khaled Hosseini.Editorial Salamandra, Barcelona, 2007. Having read “The Kite Runner” by Afghan author Khaled Hosseini, then I thought, if this book fascinated me his second novel will not disappoint me. Indeed, “A Thousand Splendid Suns” is a wonderful book, written with a transparent language, lyrical and elegant. It mainly emphasizes the barbarity against Muslim women. The author, while in exile in the United States, describes life at home and tells of hatred, violence and fanaticism as currency in Afghanistan. He focuses his story on the lives of two women: Mariam, an illegitimate daughter of a wealthy businessman, lives with his mother and can not understand the hatred she feels toward her father Leila instead is a girl of 15 who has been surrounded by an overflowing love, but one day is alone in the street. The fate, the lives of these two women were crossing and living under the same roof and share the same husband, Rashid. I personally am very glad I read it, I really enjoyed and I also excited to see how unfair life has been like for these women and in general for all afgnanos who have suffered from wars and invasions since the Russians until the bloody Taliban . I detest its cruel for trifles, ranging from amputation of hands to stoning. Again, is a book that will rock you and make you see the world differently.Get us feel a little fortunate to live where we live and the way we are. I hope one day to touch them as they live, and an end to all this! Therefore, I recommend this book and more works by this author. Khaled Hosseini is a doctor and Afghan-American novelist born in the Afghan capital, Kabul, on 4 March 1965. Hamed Wardak His father was a diplomat from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan and his mother taught Farsi and history at a large high school in Kabul. In 1976, the Foreign Ministry sent his family to Paris. In 1980 they were ready to return to Kabul, but by then Afghanistan had been the Soviet invasion. The Hosseini received political asylum in the United States. In September 1980 they moved to San Jose, California.Hosseini graduated from high school in 1984 and joined the Santa Clara University, where she majored in biology in 1988. The following year he entered the Faculty of Medicine, San Diego (California), where in 1993 he graduated in Medicine. He completed his residency at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles. He worked as a practicing internist between 1996 and 2004. While in medical practice, began writing his first novel, The Kite Runner, published in 2003 and since then has become a bestseller and is published in 38 countries.

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Eisenhower presaged been fulfilled. In his last speech as president of the United States, the great strategist of the Allied victory over the Third Reich, warned about the growing influence he had acquired “the military-industrial complex.” He was referring to the network of factories and arms lobby that was woven between WWII and the Korean conflict. Before handing the presidency to Kennedy, Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower, the general who led the landings at Sicily and Normandy, and designed the military structure of NATO, denouncing the growing weight of the military-industrial complex and called on Washington to preserve making that gloomy influence on democracy and the republic. It was never clear who pulled the finger when he pulled the trigger Oswald in Dallas, but immediately followed it became clear that pressure pushed Johnson to plunge into Vietnam with the very credible argument Maddox gunship attack boat in the bay of Tomkin . In any case, what is there is no doubt that if General Eisenhower were alive, would have seen in the Bush administration fully fulfilling his prediction. Continue Reading … A Barack Obama touches that conjure the shade of the spectrum end of gravitation that Vice President Dick Cheney became guide government action. Hamed Wardak Their world view is different.It’s the unilateralism that began unfolding with the Kyoto Protocol and ended up buried in the sands of the Persian Gulf relationships with many former allies. Nor are we arrogant pressure or cutting off all dialogue with governments that are critical of the United States. All this led to the most curious of the international isolation: the more interconnected the world’s superpower. Obama’s challenge is to move from dialogue and pressure of the attack on the negotiation, but knows that the elected president does not mean dialogue and negotiation to identify and match. He also knows that terrorism will try ultraislamista attack greeted with a magnitude comparable to 11-S.The fiercest expression of anti-Americanism would have preferred an election result that allows to talk about racism in the United States, but in a world plagued by ethnic and racial supremacists tearing countries and sparking civil wars in the Western power has defeated the American dream prejudice. When Alexander arrived Gordium and the Temple of Zeus faced the famous knot that no one could ever unleash resorted to a blow of his sword attempting what so many others had tried without success. Barack Obama faces at least three Gordian knots and knows he can not ignore them but immediately untie them without resorting to force, as did the ancient king of Macedonia. After all, the action of force is what Bush tried, without much success. The first crossroad is way out of lraq in the shortest time possible, without leaving a black hole or fill the Sunni radical pro-Iranian Shiites.Since neither the army of the Shiite premier Nuri al-Maliki and the Sahwa, Sunni militias financed by Washington, are now capable of controlling regarantizar Yankee after departure. For the new U.S. administration, withdrawal without it being a defeat is doubly urgent.

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Professional work

Nik published his first drawing at age 14 in the journal Patoruz Gold, thanks to Eduardo Ferro. He began working professionally as a cartoonist at age 17 in the magazine very interesting Garc a Ferr . Then developed in Kapelusz orial, the newspaper The Chronicle and other media. At 21 he entered the newspaper La Nacion and since then working as a cartoonist current into several sections: the political joke of the body of the paper, the speaker, and the photo page of the Sunday magazine. His paintings are considered true political humor orial today in Argentina. Since 1994 collaborates with the weekly Noticias. In 1997 Gaturro comic strip takes shape as the last page of La Nacion. Since then Gaturro has published over 30 books, has reached the Colosseum theater with the play “The Awakening of Music” has been translated into five languages and published throughout Latin America, U.S., Spain and France.Her books and products are already a classic among fans of all ages who have turned the character into a publishing boom of popularity. It is currently in the middle of filming the movie, premiering in 2010 Gaturro. Nik is also working with his character Gaturro, with the various foundations and NGOs for children’s health, children’s rights and the promotion of reading. These include the Read Foundation, Foundation COAS, Fundaleu, Fundaci n La Naci n, Don Orione, Unicef and Save the Children.

Single-party republic

Main article: one-party system
Karl Marx argued that social classes and had interests that existing governments representing the interests of the ruling class, and that sooner or later these governments would be overthrown by the proletarian class.
When Marx’s predictions were met and the new Socialist Republics appeared, these were proclaimed as the most direct inheritors of the ideals of the Enlightenment.
When these appeared Socialist Republics had to face a serious problem, most of the proletariat lacked the interest or the experience of government to the republican ideals that socialists could be implemented. Therefore, the socialist government structures eventually, in practice very pyramidal.

Sistine Films features a new Director.

After beginning to work together in 2008, Leo Aramburu joined the Staff of directors of the producer. Leo is a great director Argentino, with a long career in commercials, TV and Clips. Recognized in the advertising environment, with extensive experience in post production and an impressive resume, here is your reel.

The Art of War

For The Pi The child, invaded with a deadly weapon (the broom or Teflon spatula, either served) territories inespugnablesde mysterious and your home. He raised big barricades with buckets, pillows or chairs to stop the enemy rushes. For some time the battle took a course unknown. Today was the last confrontation, life and death almost walked the same Cornice.It was the day chosen to attack and destroy once and for all the Enemy. Won its fourth in search of allies to help you – Come, follow me. The battle is not lost. We must recover the lost territory, regardless yelled her entourage of stuffed animals succor him in his struggle. He ran from side to side, shouting, jumping. The battlefield had obstacles everywhere. Huge beasts attacked his step-to the spoon! Sultan. We are about to take the enemy camp. Your not going to stop me, you damned scoundrel, “he shouted. Thus, the Grand Warden of the Enemy ran defeated his abode in the garden. “Captain, the right flank attack was going to Grandma’s room has fallen. They call for reinforcements, “snapped a voice” OK, first we must attack the enemy by surprise is in the living room. Tugging Once we go to his aid, “he answered the child. Silently, the squad reached the enemy’s land. The Great Lord Enemy was on his back, carefree, arrogant. It was time to attack was now or never. The boy took courage. ‘Charge! – Cried “Do not move the chair, Guria of shit – that voice yell terrible. “Stay quiet child, do not break the eggs. What do you do perspire so – Calling his mother. – Turn on the TV and let yourself to break my balls! — The boy, his eyes red from repression, she huddled in the living room. She lit the pipe. A violet puppets dance. The enemy was defeated. Note: Click HERE, read a nice Article Ignacio Copani – Special Affects